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The Tang dynasty was a state that ruled in east Asia between 618 and 907 CE, with its capital at modern Xi’an. The Tang dynasty was militarily expansive, conquering much of eastern Central Asia before an internal rebellion that began in 755 broke its power. The Tang dynasty also fought major wars and conducted several treaties with the Tibetan Empire. The Tang dynasty was an important time in the history of Buddhism, when many Indian and Central Asian monks traveled to China to teach, while Chinese and Korean monks traveled to India for pilgrimage and study, or taught Chinese Buddhist doctrines in Tibet. Many paintings and documents from the Tang dynasty and immediately afterwards are preserved at Dunhuang.