These titles are select publications grouped by cultural regions and are not exhaustive.

In addition to this select bibliography, each essay in the Object Essays section includes a selection of up to three suggested readings on its particular topic.

Harrison, John, Christian Luczanits, Charles Ramble, and Nyima Drandul, eds. 2018. A Blessing for the Land: The Architecture, Art and History of a Buddhist Nunnery in Mustang, Nepal. Kathmandu: Vajra.

Klimburg-Salter, Deborah, et al. 1982. The Silk Route and the Diamond Path. Los Angeles: UCLA Arts Council.

Klimburg-Salter, Deborah E. 1997. Tabo—a Lamp for the Kingdom: Early Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Art in the Western Himalaya. Milan: Skira; New York: Thames and Hudson.

Linrothe, Rob, Melissa Kerin, and Christian Luczanits. 2015. Collecting Paradise: Buddhist Art of Kashmir and Its Legacies. New York: Rubin Museum of Art.

Lo Bue, Erberto, ed. 2010. Wonders of Lo: The Artistic Heritage of Mustang. Mumbai: Marg Foundation.

Luczanits, Christian, and Jaroslav Poncar, eds. 2022. Alchi: The Choskhor. Chicago: Serindia.

Luczanits, Christian. 2004. Buddhist Sculpture in Clay: Early Western Himalayan Art, Late 10th to Early 13th Century. Chicago: Serindia.

Pal, Pratapaditya. 1975. Bronzes of Kashmir. Graz: Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt.

Reedy, Chandra. 1997. Himalayan Bronzes. Technology, Style and Choices. Newark: University of Delaware Press.

Akasoy, Anna, Charles Burnett, and Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim, eds. 2010. Islam and Tibet: interactions along the musk routes. Farnham, England ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate, 2010.

Akester, Matthew. 2016. Jamyang Khyentsé Wangpo’s Guide to Central Tibet. Chicago: Serindia Publications.

Alexander, André. 2007. The Temples of Lhasa: Tibetan Buddhist Architecture from the 7th to the 21st Centuries. Chicago: Serindia.

Baker, Ian, A. 2000. The Dalai Lama’s Secret Temple: Tantric Wall Paintings from Tibet. London; New York: Thames & Hudson.

Beckwith, Christopher. 1987. The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia: A History of the Struggle for Great Power among Tibetans, Turks, Arabs, and Chinese during the Early Middle Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Beer, Robert. 1999. The encyclopedia of Tibetan symbols and motifs. London: Serindia.

Bentor, Yael. 1996. Consecration of Images and Stupas in Indo- Tibetan Tantric Buddhism. Leiden: Brill.

Blondeau, Anne-Marie, ed. 1998. Tibetan Mountain Deities: Their Cults and Representations. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Brauen, Martin, ed. 2005. The Dalai Lamas: A Visual History. Chicago: Serindia.

Brauen, Martin. 2009. Mandala: Sacred Circle in Tibetan Buddhism. Exhibition catalog. New York: Rubin Museum of Art.

Brauen, Martin. 2004. Dreamworld Tibet: Western Illusions. Translated by Martin Willson. Boston: Weatherhill.

Cabezón, José Ignacio, ed. 2010. Tibetan Ritual. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chodrak, Trinley, and Kesang G. Tashi. 2000. Of Wool and Loom: The Tradition of Tibetan Rugs. Edited by Kesang G. Tseten. Bangkok: Orchid Press.

Cuevas, Bryan J. 2008. Travels in the netherworld: Buddhist popular narratives of death and the afterlife in Tibet. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cüppers, Christoph, Leonard van der Kuijp, and Ulrich Pagel. 2012. Handbook of Tibetan Iconometry: A Guide to the Arts of the 17th Century. Introduction in Chinese by Dobis Tsering Gyal. Brill’s Tibetan Studies Library 16/4. Leiden and Boston: Brill.

Cüppers, Christoph, at al. 2013. Tibet After Empire: Culture, Society and Religion Between 850-1000. Lumbini: Lumbini International Research Institute.

Czaja, Olaf. 2014. Medieval Rule in Tibet: The Rlangs Clan and the Political and Religious History of the Ruling House of Phag mo gru pa. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences Press.

Czaja, Olaf, and Adriana G. Proser. 2014. Golden Visions of Densatil: A Tibetan Buddhist Monastery. Exhibition catalog. New York: Asia Society.

Dalton, Jacob. 2011. The Taming of the Demons: Violence and Liberation in Tibetan Buddhism. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Davidson, Ronald M. 2005. Tibetan Renaissance: Tantric Buddhism in the Rebirth of Tibetan Culture. New York: Columbia University Press.

Debreczeny, Karl, ed. 2019. Faith and Empire: Art and Politics in Tibetan Buddhism. New York: Rubin Museum of Art.

Debreczeny, Karl. 2012. The Black Hat Eccentric: Artistic Visions of the Tenth Karmapa. New York: Rubin Museum of Art.

Debreczeny, Karl, ed. 2013. “Situ Panchen: Creation and Cultural Engagement in Eighteenth-Century Tibet.” Special issue, Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 7 (August):!jiats=/current/

Dodin, Tierry and Heinz Rather, eds. 2001. Imagining Tibet: Perceptions, Projections, and Fantasies. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Dorje, Gyurme, and Matthew Kapstein. 1991. The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism: Its Fundamentals and History. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Dorje, Gyurme, Tashi Tsering, Heather Stoddard, and Andre Alexander. 2010. Jokhang: Tibet’s Most Sacred Buddhist Temple. London: Hans-Jörg Mayer.Dotson, Brandon, 2009. The Old Tibetan annals: an annotated translation of Tibet’s first history. Wien: Verlag der osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Elliott, David, et al. 2021. Kesang Lamdark. Milan: Skira.

Gamble, Ruth. 2018. Reincarnation in Tibetan Buddhism: The Third Karmapa and the Invention of a Tradition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gega Lama. 1983. Principles of Tibetan Art: Illustrations and Explanations of Buddhist Iconography and Iconometry according to the Karma Gardri School. 2 vols. Translated by Karma Chochi Nyima (Richard Barron). Darjeeling: Jamyang Singe.

Goldstein, Melvyn C. 1989. A History of Modern Tibet, 1913–1959: The Demise of the Lamaist State. Berkeley:University of California Press.

Gyurme Dorje, translator and commentator. 2001. Tibetan Elemental Divination Paintings: Illuminated Manuscripts from The White Beryl of Sangs-rgyas rGya-mtsho: With the Moonbeams Treatise of Lo-chen Dharmaśri. London: John Eskenazi in association with Sam Fogg.

Gyatso, Janet. 2015. Being Human in a Buddhist World: An Intellectual History of Medicine in Early Modern Tibet. New York: Columbia University Press.

Harris, Clare, and Tsering Shakya. 2003. Seeing Lhasa: British Depictions of the Tibetan Capital, 1936–1947. Chicago: Serindia. Harris, Clare. 2016. Photography and Tibet. London: Reaktion.

Harris, Clare. 2012. The Museum on the Roof of the World: Art, Politics, and the Representation of Tibet. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Heller, Amy. 1999. Tibetan Art: Tracing the Development of Spiritual Ideals. Milan: Jaca Book.

Helman-Ważny, Agnieszka. 2014. The Archaeology of Tibetan Books. Leiden: Brill’s Tibetan Studies Library, vol. 36.

Henss, Michael. 2020. Buddhist Ritual Art of Tibet: A Handbook on Ceremonial Objects and Ritual Furnishings in the Tibetan Temple. Stuttgart: Arnoldsche.

Henss, Michael. 2014. The Cultural Monuments of Tibet: The Central Regions. Munich: Prestel.

Hofer, Theresia, ed. 2014. Bodies in Balance: The Art of Tibetan Medicine. New York: Rubin Museum of Art; Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Huber, Toni, ed. 2001. Sacred Spaces and Powerful Spaces in Tibetan Culture. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.

Huber, Toni. 2008. The Holy Land Reborn: Pilgrimage and the Tibetan Reinvention of Buddhist India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Jackson, David P. 1996. A History of Tibetan Painting: The Great Painters and Their Traditions. Beitrage zur Kultur- und Geistesgeschichte Asiens 15. Vienna: Verlag der Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Jackson, David. 2009. Patron and Painter: Situ Panchen and the Revival of the Encampment Style. Masterworks of Tibetan Painting Series 1. New York: Rubin Museum of Art, 2009.

Jackson, David. 2011. Mirror of the Buddha: Early Portraits from Tibet. Exhibition catalog. Masterworks of Tibetan Painting Series 3. New York: Rubin Museum of Art.

Jackson, David and Janice A. Jackson. 1988. Tibetan Thangka Painting: Methods and Materials, 2nd ed.London: Serindia.

Kapstein, Matthew. 2006. The Tibetans. Malden, MA; Oxford: Blackwell Pub.

Kapstein, Matthew, ed. 2009. Buddhism between Tibet and China. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Kapstein, Matthew. 2000. The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism: Conversion, Contestation, and Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Karmay, Samten. 2014. The Illusive Play: The Autobiography of the Fifth Dalai Lama. Chicago: Serindia.

Karmay a Samten G. and Jeff Watt, eds. 2007. Bon, the magic word: the indigenous religion of Tibet. New York: Rubin Museum of Art, 2007.

Kohn, Richard J. 2014. Lord of the Dance: The Mani Rimbu Festival in Tibet and Nepal. New York: State University of New York Press.

Kreijger, Hugo. 1996. “Shalu: An Art Historical Treasure House.” Arts of Asia 26: 104-11.

Kvaerne, Per. 1995. The Bon Religion of Tibet: The Iconography of a Living Tradition. London: Serindia Publications.

La Rocca, Donald J., et al. 2006. Warriors of the Himalayas: Rediscovering the Arms and Armor of Tibet. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Laird, Thomas, Robert A. F. Thurman, Heather Stoddard, Cameron Bailey, Jakob Winkler, Shigeru Ban, and Bstan-ʼdzin-rgya-mtsho. 2018. Murals of Tibet. Cologne: Taschen.

Linrothe, Robert N. 2006. Holy Madness: Portraits of Tantric Siddhas. Chicago: Serindia Publications in association with the Rubin Museum of Art.

Lopez, Donald S., Jr. 2013. Gendun Chopel: Tibet’s First Modern Artist. New York and Chicago: Trace Foundation’s Latse Library and Serindia.

Lopez, Donald S, Jr. 1998. Prisoners of Shangri-La. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

McKay, Alex ed. 2003. The History of Tibet, 3 vols. London: Routledge Curzon.

Mills, Martin. 2003. Identity, Ritual and State in Tibetan Buddhism: The Foundations of Authority in Gelukpa Monasticism. London: Routledge Curzon.

Nebesky-Wojkowitz, René de. (1956) 1998. Oracles and Demons of Tibet: The Cult and Iconography of the Tibetan Protective Deities, 94–133, 409–66. New Delhi: Paljor Publications.

Pakhoutova, Elena, ed. 2018. The Second Buddha: Master f Time. New York: Prestel.

Petech, Luciano. 1990. Central Tibet and the Mongols: The Yüan-Sa-Skya Period of Tibetan History. Serie Orientale Roma 65. Rome: Instituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente.

Quintman, Andrew. 2014. The Yogin and the Madman: Reading the Biographical Corpus of Tibet’s Great Saint Milarepa. New York: Columbia University Press.

Ricca, Franco, and Erberto Lo Bue. 1993. The Great Stupa of Gyantse: A Complete Tibetan Pantheon of the Fifteenth Century. London: Serindia.

Richardson, Hugh E. 1998. High Peaks, Pure Earth: Collected Writings on Tibetan History and Culture. Edited and with an introduction by Michael Aris. London: Serindia Publications.

Richardson, Hugh E. 1993. Ceremonies of the Lhasa Year. London: Serindia.

Richardson, Sarah A. 2021. “When Walls Could Talk: The Powers of Tibetan Paintings in a Buddhist Library.” Archives of Asian Art 71, no. 2: 243–68.

Rice, John Henry and Jeffrey Durham, eds. 2019. Awaken: A Tibetan-Buddhist Journey Toward Enlightenment. Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.

Ryavec, Karl E. 2015. A historical atlas of Tibet. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Samuel, Geoffrey and Jamyang Oliphant, eds. 2020. About Padmasambhava: Historical Narratives and Later Transformations of Guru Rinpoche. Schongau, Switzerland: Garuda Verlag.

Schaeffer, Kurtis. 2009. The Culture of the Book in Tibet. New York: Columbia University Press.

Schaeffer, Kurtis R., Matthew T. Kapstein, and Gray Tuttle. Sources of Tibetan tradition. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.

Selig Brown, Kathryn H. 2004. Eternal Presence: Handprints and Footprints in Buddhist Art. Katonah, NY: Katonah Museum of Art.

Snellgrove, David and Hugh Richardson. 1968. A Cultural History of Tibet. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Sørensen, Per K. 1994. Tibetan Buddhist Historiography: The Mirror Illuminating the Royal Genealogies: An Annotated Translation of the XIVth Century Tibetan Chronicle rGyal-rabs gsal-ba’i melong. AsiatischeForschungen 128. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag.

Sørensen, Per, and Guntram Hazod. 2007. Rulers on the Celestial Plain: Ecclesiastic and Secular Hegemony in Medieval Tibet; A Study of Tshal Gung-thang. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Sperling, Elliot. 2001. “‘Orientalism’ and Aspects of Violence in the Tibetan Tradition.” In Imagining Tibet: Perceptions, Projections, and Fantasies, ed. Thierry Dodin and Heinz Rather, 317–29. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Sperling, Elliot. 1990. “Hulegu and Tibet.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 44, no. 1/2: 145–57.

Stein, R. A. 1972. Tibetan Civilization. Translated from the French by J. E. Stapleton Driver. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Stoddard, Heather. 2008. Early Sino-Tibetan Art. Bangkok: Orchid Press. Reprint of Karmay, Heather. 1975.

Schwieger, Peter. 2014. The Dalai Lama and the Emperor of China: a political history of the Tibetan institution of reincarnation. New York: Columbia University Press.

Tashi Tsering, ed. 2000. “Situ Panchen: His Contribution and Legacy.” Special issue, Lungta 13 (Winter). Dharamsala: Amnye Machen Institute.

Tenzin Chögyel. 2015. The Life of the Buddha. Translated with an introduction by Kurtis R. Schaeffer. New York: Penguin Classics.

Tucci, Giuseppe. 1989. Gyantse and Its Monasteries. Edited by Lokesh Chandra. Translated by Uma Marina Vesci. 3 vols. Indo-Tibetica 4. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan.

Tucci, Giuseppe. (1949) 1999. Tibetan Painted Scrolls, 3 vols. Bangkok: SDI Publications.

Tulku Thondup Rinpoche. 1997. Hidden Teachings of Tibet: An Explanation of the Terma Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Tuttle, Gray and Kurtis R. Schaeffer, eds. The Tibetan history reader. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.

Vitali, Roberto. 1990. Early Temples of Central Tibet (Yemar to Drathang). London: Serindia.

von Schroeder, Ulrich. 2001. Buddhist Sculptures in Tibet. Hong Kong: Visual Dharma Publications.

von Schroeder, Ulrich. 2008. 108 Buddhist Statues in Tibet. Chicago: Serindia.

Warner, Cameron David.  2011. “Re/crowning the Jowo Śākyamuni: Texts, Photographs, and Memories.” History of Religions 51, no. 1, 1–30.

Weiner, Benno. 2020. The Chinese Revolution on the Tibetan Frontier. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Bangdel, Lain S. 1982. The Early Sculptures of Nepal. New Delhi: Vikas.

Gellek, Tsering Palmo, and Padma Dorje Maitland, eds. Light of the Valley: Renewing the Sacred Art and Traditions of Svayambhu. Cazadero, CA: Dharma Publishing, 2011.

Gellner, David N. 1992. Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest: Newar Buddhism and Its Heirarchy of Ritual. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gutschow, Niels. 2011. Architecture of the Newars: A History of Building Typologies and Details in Nepal. Chicago: Serindia.

Gutschow, Niels. 1997. The Nepalese Caitya: 1500 Years of Buddhist Votive Architecture in the Kathmandu Valley. Stuttgart: Menges.

Kim, Jinah, and Todd Lewis. 2019. Dharma and Puṇya: Buddhist Ritual Art of Nepal. Leiden: Hotei Publishing.

Lidke, Jeffrey S. 2017. The Goddess Within and Beyond the Three Cities: Śākta Tantra and the Paradox of Power in Nepāla-Maṇḍala. New Delhi: DK Printworld.

Lewis, Todd. 2000. Popular Buddhist Texts from Nepal: Narratives and Rituals of Newar Buddhism. Albany:State University of New York Press.

Pal, Pratapaditya. 1985. Art of Nepal: A Catalogue of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art Collection. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and University of California Press.

Rajbhandari, Kayastha and Christian Schicklgruber. 2019. Nepal Art Now. Wien: Kerber, Welt Museum

Slusser, Mary S. 1982. Nepal Mandala: A Cultural Study of the Kathmandu Valley. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Slusser, Mary, with Paul Jett. 2010. The Antiquity of Nepalese Wood Carving: A Reassessment. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Tucci, Giuseppe 1962. Nepal: The Discovery of the Malla. London: George Allen and Unwin.

Vajracharya, Gautama V. 2016. Nepalese Seasons: Rain and Ritual. Exh. cat. New York: Rubin Museum of Art.

von Schroeder, Ulrich. 2019. Nepalese Stone Sculptures. 2 vols. Hong Kong: Visual Dharma Publications.

Altmann, Karin. 2016. Fabric of Life: Textile Arts in Bhutan—Culture, Tradition and Transformation. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Aris, Michael. 1994. The Raven Crown: The Origins of Buddhist Monarchy in Bhutan, London: Serindia.

Ardussi, John A. and Sonam Tobgay 2008. Written Treasures of Bhutan: Mirror of the Past and Bridge to the Future. Thimphu: National Library of Bhutan.

Ardussi, John A. and Françoise Pommaret, eds. 2007. Bhutan: Traditions and Changes, PIATS 2003, Tibetan Studies, Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Oxford 2003, Brill’s Tibetan Studies Library 10/5. Leiden and Boston: Brill.

Aris, Michael. 1979. Bhutan: The Early History of a Himalayan Kingdom. Warminster, UK: Aris and Phillips.

Bartholomew, Terese Tse, and John Johnston, eds. 2008. The Dragon’s Gift: The Sacred Arts of Bhutan. Chicago: Serindia.

Harding, Sarah, trans. 2003. The Life and Revelations of Pema Lingpa. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion.

Myers, Diana K., and Susan S. Bean. 1994. From the Land of the Thunder Dragon: Textile Arts of Bhutan. London: Serindia.

Phuntsho, Karma. 2013. The History of Bhutan. Noida, India: Random House India.

Wangchuck, Ashi Kesang Choden T., ed. 2016. Tashi Gomang: A National Treasure of Bhutan. With contributions by Thierry Mathou, Tshering Tashi, and Lam Kezang Chhoephel. Thimphu, Bhutan: Royal Textile Academy.

Atwood, Christopher P. 2004. Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire. New York: Facts on File.

Bareja-Starzyńska, Agata. 2015. The Biography of the First Khalkha Jetsundampa Zanabazar by Zaya Paṇḍita Luvsanprinlei: Studies, Annotated Translation, Transliteration and Facsimile. Warsaw: Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw.

Bartholomew, Terese Tse and Patricia Berger, eds. 1995. Mongolia: The Legacy of Chinggis Khan. London: Thames and Hudson.

Beguin, Gilles, et al. 1993. Trésors de Mongolie. xviie-xixe siècles. Paris: Musée national des Arts asiatiques-Guimet.

Charleux, Isabelle. 2015. Nomads on Pilgrimage: Mongols on Wutaishan (China), 1800–1940. Leiden: Brill.

Charleux, Isabelle, Grégory Delaplace, Roberte Hamayon, and Scott Pearce, eds. 2010. Representing Power in Ancient Inner Asia: Legitimacy, Transmission and the Sacred. Bellingham, WA: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University.

Djaltchinova-Malets, Elvira Eevr. 2010. Meditation: The Art of Zanabazar and His School. Warsaw: Asia and Pacific Museum.

Elverskog, Johan. 2006. Our Great Qing: The Mongols, Buddhism and the State in Late Imperial China. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Jing, Anning. 1994. “The Portraits of Khubilai Khan and Chabi by Anige (1245–1306), a Nepali Artist at the Yuan Court.” Artibus Asiae 54, nos. 1–2: 40–86.

Jing, Anning. 2004. “Financial and Material Aspects of Tibetan Art under the Yuan Dynasty.” Artibus Asiae 64, no. 2, 213–41.

Pozdneev, Aleksej M. (1892, 1893) 2006. Mongolia and the Mongols, in one vol. Translated by J. R. Shaw and D. Plank. London: Curzon Press.

Teleki, Krisztina. 2015. Study of Urga’s Heritage. Ulaanbaatar: Academy of Sciences.

Tulisow, Jerzy, Osamu Inoue, Agata Bareja-Starzyńska, and Ewa Dziurzyńska, eds. 2012. In the Heart of Mongolia: 100th Anniversary of W. Kotwicz’s Expedition to Mongolia in 1912. Cracow: Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences (with DVD).

Tsultem, Nyam-Osoryn. 1982. The Eminent Mongolian Sculptor G. Zanabazar. Ulaanbaatar: Gosizdatelʹstvo.

Tsultemin, Uranchimeg. 2020. A Monastery on the Move: Art and Politics in Later Buddhist Mongolia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 130–38.

Tsultemin, Uranchimeg, ed. 2019. “Buddhist Art of Mongolia: Cross-Cultural Connections, Discoveries and Interpretations,” special issue, Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review 8, no. 2 (June):

Van Alphen, Jan, ed. 2013. The All-Knowing Buddha: A Secret Guide. With essays by Christian Luczanits, Elena Pakhoutova, and Karl Debreczeny. Exhibition catalog. Antwerp, Belgium: BAI, and New York: Rubin Museum of Art.

Wallace, Vesna, ed. 2015. Buddhism in Mongolian History, Culture, and Society, edited by, 137–59. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Watt, James C. Y., ed. 2010. The World of Khubilai Khan: Chinese Art in the Yuan Dynasty. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Berger, Patricia. 2003. Empire of Emptiness: Buddhist Art and Political Authority in Qing China. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Berger, Patricia. 1994. “Preserving the Nation: The Political Uses of Tantric Art in China.” In Latter Days of the Law: Images of Chinese Buddhism, 850–1850, edited by Marsha Weidner, 89–124. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.

Chou, Wen-shing. 2018. Mount Wutai: Visions of a Sacred Buddhist Mountain. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Clunas, Craig, Jessica Harrison-Hall, and Yu-ping Luk, eds. 2016. Ming China: Courts and Contacts, 1400–1450. London: British Museum Press.

Robinson, David M. 2009. Empire’s Twilight: Northeast Asia Under the Mongols. Cambridge, MA: HarvardUniversity Asia Center.

Tuttle, Gray and Johan Elverskog, eds. 2011. “Wutai Shan and Qing Culture,” special issue, Journal of theInternational Association of Tibetan Studies 6.!jiats=/issue06/

Weidner, Marsha, ed. 2001. Cultural Intersections in Later Chinese Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Watt, James C. Y., and Denise Patry Leidy. 2005. Defining Yongle: Imperial Art in Early Fifteenth-Century China. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Allinger, Eva, Frantz Grenet, Christian Jahoda, Maria-Katharina Lang, and Anne Vergati, eds. 2017. Interaction in the Himalayas and Central Asia: Processes of Transfer, Translation and Transformation in Art, Archaeology, Religion and Polity. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences Press.

Dunnell, Ruth W. 1996. The Great State of White and High: Buddhism and State Formation in Eleventh-Century Xia. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.

Elverskog, Johan. 2010. Buddhism and Islam on the Silk Road. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Galambos, Imre. 2015. Translating Chinese Tradition and Teaching Tangut Culture: Manuscripts and Printed Books from Khara- Khoto. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. Giès, Jacques. 1996. The Arts of Central Asia: the Pelliot Collection in the Musée Guimet. London: Serindia.

Meinert, Carmen, et al., eds. 2020. Buddhism in Central Asia I: Patronage, Legitimation, Sacred Space, and Pilgrimage. Leiden: Brill.

Meinert, Carmen, ed. 2016. Transfer of Buddhism across Central Asian Networks (7th to 13th Centuries). Leiden: Brill.

Piotrovsky, M. B., ed. 1993. Lost Empire of the Silk Road: Buddhist Art from Khara-Khoto. Vienna: Thyssen-Bornemisza Foundation and The State Hermitage.

Sperling, Elliot. 1994. “Rtsa-mi Lo-tsa-ba Sang-rgyas Grags-pa and the Tangut Background to Early Mongol-Tibetan Relations” In Tibetan Studies: Proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies Fagernes 1992. Vol. 2, ed. Per Kvarne, 801–24. Oslo: The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture.

Sperling, Elliot. 1987. “Lama to the King of Hsia.” The Journal of the Tibet Society 7: 31–50.

Wang, Michelle. 2018. Maṇḍalas in the Making: The Visual Culture of Esoteric Buddhism at Dunhuang. Leiden: Brill.

Watt, James C. Y., and Anne E. Wardell. 1997. When Silk Was Gold: Central Asian and Chinese Textiles. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Whitfield, Roderick. 1982. The Art of Central Asia: The Stein collection in the British Museum. Tokyo: Kodansha International.

Whitfield, Susan. 2018. Silk, Slaves, and Stupas: Material Culture of the Silk Road. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Brook, Timothy, Michael van Walt van Praag, and Miek Boltjes, eds. 2018. Sacred Mandates: Asian International Relations since Chinggis Khan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bruntz, Courtney, and Brooke Schedneck, eds. 2020. Buddhist Tourism in Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Faure, Bernard. 2009. Unmasking Buddhism. Malden, MA: WileyBlackwell.

Kim, Jinah. 2013. Receptacle of the Sacred: Illustrated Manuscripts and the Buddhist Book Cult in South Asia.Berkeley: University of California Press.

Lopez, Donald S. ed. 1995. Curators of the Buddha: the study of Buddhism under colonialism. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.

Macdonald, Alexander W., ed. 1997. Mandala and Landscape, edited by. Delhi: D. K. Printworld.

Namgyal, Thutob. 2021. The royal history of Sikkim: a chronicle of the House of Namgyal / as narrated in Tibetan by their Highnesses Chogyal Thutob Namgyal and Gyalmo Yeshe Dolma ; based upon the preliminary translation by Kazi Dawasamdup ; corrected, supplemented and thoroughly revised by John A. Ardussi, Anna Balikci Denjongpa, Per K. Sørensen. Chicago: Serindia Publications.

Orzech, Charles, Henrik Sørensen, and Richard Payne, eds. 2011. Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia. Leiden: Brill.

Pal, Pratapaditya, et al. 2003. Himalayas: An Aesthetic Adventure. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago.

Park, David, Kuenga Wangmo, and Sharon Cather, eds. 2013. Art of Merit: Studies in Buddhist Art and Its Conservation; Proceedings of the Buddhist Art Forum 2012. London: Archetype.

von Schroeder, Ulrich. 1981. Indo-Tibetan Bronzes. Hong Kong: Visual Dharma.

Buddhist Digital Resource Center

High Peaks Pure Earth website:

Himalayan Art Resources website:

Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies

Luczanits Sites

Shadow Tibet

Swoyambhu Stupa.

The Life of the Buddha:

Tibet Army Project:

Treasury of Lives: